McLeish Distribution: Performance of Digital Communications Over Additive White McLeish Noise (AWMN) Channels

Creative Commons License

Yilmaz F.

IEEE ACCESS, vol.8, pp.19133-19195, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/access.2020.2967742
  • Journal Name: IEEE ACCESS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.19133-19195
  • Keywords: Additive white McLeish noise channels, coherent, non-coherent signaling, conditional bit error rate, conditional symbol error rate, McLeish distribution, McLeish Q-function, multivariate McLeish distribution, Non-Gaussian noise, NON-GAUSSIAN NOISE, BIT-ERROR-PROBABILITY, STATISTICAL-PHYSICAL MODELS, IMPULSIVE NOISE, WIRELESS NETWORKS, COGNITIVE RADIO, POISSON FIELD, NARROW-BAND, THERMAL AGITATION, LIGHTWAVE SYSTEMS
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The objective of this article is to propose and statistically validate a more general additive non-Gaussian noise distribution, which we term McLeish distribution, whose random nature can model different impulsive noise environments commonly encountered in practice and provides a robust alternative to Gaussian noise distribution. In particular, for the first time in the literature, we establish the laws of McLeish distribution and therefrom derive the laws of the sum of McLeish distributions by obtaining closed-form expressions for their probability density function (PDF), cumulative distribution function (CDF), complementary CDF ((CDF)-D-2), moment-generating function (MGF) and higher-order moments. Further, for certain problems related to the envelope of complex random signals, we extend McLeish distribution to complex McLeish distribution and thereby propose circularly/elliptically symmetric (CS/ES) complex McLeish distributions with closed-form PDF, CDF, MGF and higher-order moments. For generalization of one-dimensional distribution to multi-dimensional distribution, we develop and propose both multivariate McLeish distribution and multivariate complex CS/ES (CCS/CES) McLeish distribution with analytically tractable and closed-form PDF, CDF, (CDF)-D-2 and MGF. In addition to the proposed McLeish distribution framework and for its practical illustration, we theoretically investigate and prove the existence of McLeish distribution as additive noise in communication systems. Accordingly, we introduce additive white McLeish noise (AWMN) channels. For coherent/non-coherent signaling over AWMN channels, we propose novel expressions for maximum a priori (MAP) and maximum likelihood (ML) symbol decisions and thereby obtain closed-form expressions for both bit error rate (BER) of binary modulation schemes and symbol error rate (SER) of various M-ary modulation schemes. Further, we verify the validity and accuracy of our novel BER/SER expressions with some selected numerical examples and some computer-based simulations.