Kernel Fukunaga-Koontz Transform Subspaces for Classification of Hyperspectral Images With Small Sample Sizes

Binol H., BİLGİN G., Dinc S., Bal A.

IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, vol.12, no.6, pp.1287-1291, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/lgrs.2015.2393438
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1287-1291
  • Keywords: Classification, Fukunaga-Koontz transform (FKT), hyperspectral images, kernel-based methods, FEATURE-EXTRACTION
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this letter, a novel supervised classification approach is presented for the classification of hyperspectral images using kernel Fukunaga-Koontz transform (KFKT). The Fukunaga-Koontz transform (FKT) is originally a powerful target detection method used in remote sensing tasks, and it is an especially good classification tool for two-class problems. The traditional FKT method has been kernelized for increasing the nonlinear discrimination ability and capturing higher order of statistics of data. The proposed approach in this letter aims to solve the multiclass problem by regarding one class as target that is tried to be separated from the remaining classes (as clutter) like one-against-all methodology. The KFKT provides superior performance in the classification of hyperspectral data even using small number of samples because of nonlinear separability of data in higher dimensional space. The experiments confirm that KFKT has better and promising results than FKT and support vector machine in classification of hyperspectral images.