Combination of zero-valent aluminum-acid system and electrochemically activated persulfate oxidation for biologically pre-treated leachate nanofiltration concentrate treatment

YAZICI GÜVENÇ S., Ozen I., Binici M., Yildirim D., CAN GÜVEN E., VARANK G.

Environmental Pollution, vol.320, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 320
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envpol.2023.121074
  • Journal Name: Environmental Pollution
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Box-behnken design, Electrooxidation, Leachate nanofiltration concentrate, Persulfate, ZVAl
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Elsevier LtdThis study investigated the performance of combined zero-valent aluminum (ZVAl) and electrochemically activated persulfate (PS) oxidation for the leachate nanofiltration concentrate (NFC) treatment. Firstly, operating parameters in the ZVAl procedure were optimized and under the optimum conditions (ZVAl dose 1 g/L, initial pH 1.5) the removal efficiency of the chemical oxygen demand (COD), UV254, and color were 22.39%, 29.03%, and 48.26%, respectively. Secondly, the effect of various anode types (Ti/RuO2, Ti/IrO2, and Ti/SnO2) within the electrooxidation (EO) process was evaluated. The Ti/RuO2 anode was found to be the most effective one in terms of pollutant removal efficiencies and operation cost. The efficiency of single, binary, and hybrid processes was evaluated by control experiments and the results were ranked as PS < ZVAl < ZVAl + PS < EO < EO + PS < EO + ZVAl < EO + ZVAl + PS. In the following part of the study, the Box-Behnken design was preferred to optimize the operating parameters of the hybrid EO + ZVAl + PS process. The COD, UV254, and color removal efficiencies under optimum conditions (4.88 mM PS dose, 1.6 A current applied, and 120 min reaction time) were 62.1%, 75.2%, and 99.9%, respectively. The estimated and experimentally obtained data were close to each other. The pollutant removal efficiencies increased in parallel with the current density and reaction time; however, the effect of the PS dose remained at a negligible level. The obtained results indicate the effectiveness of the hybrid EO + ZVAl + PS process for the treatment of leachate nanofiltration concentrate under optimized conditions.