Mechanical Properties of Mortars Containing Wood Bottom Ash Instead of Cement

Cihan M. T., Avşar Y. E.

KSÜ Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.25, no.3, pp.491-502, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: KSÜ Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.491-502
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Carbon dioxide (CO2) released into the atmosphere during the production of Portland cement (PC) is one of the important factors causing global warming. Therefore, studies are carried out on different materials to reduce PC consumption. The effect levels of the wood bottom ash (WBA) ratio and specimen age on the response variables (compressive strength, flexural strength, and ultrasonic pulse velocity) were investigated in this study. Mortar specimens were produced using PC, WBA, CEN standard sand, and distilled water. The produced specimens were cured in water until the test day. WBA ratios are 0%, 5%, 10%, 20%, 35% and 50% by weight of binder. As a result, it was determined that the optimum WBA ratio was 5%. In addition, R2 values of response variables were found to be high (ultrasonic pulsed wave velocity; 0.8925, flexural strength; 0.9356, compressive strength; 0.9404) by analysis of variance (ANOVA). This shows that the models have a high correlation. Moreover, the terms added to the models have a significant effect on the responses.