Comparative Feasibility and Aging Analysis of Battery Technologies in Hybrid Power Systems Considering Demand Variability and Carbon Tax

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Terkeş M., Demirci A.

International Journal of Advanced Research and Review, vol.8, no.9, pp.33-48, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


On the road to carbon neutrality, the installation capacity of renewable energy technologies is increasing daily. Due to its inherently intermittent power generation profile, integrating battery energy storage systems (BESS) is critical to ensure a sustainable and reliable energy supply. In a competitive market, high-performance battery technologies developed by many manufacturers will drive the trend toward hybrid power systems (HPS). This paper proposes optimum HPSs with minimum cost for prosumers in the distribution grid using shared BESS, considering battery technologies. Also, the feasibility outputs are compared technically, economically, and environmentally in multi-year sensitivity analyses. Moreover, the impact of daily and hourly simultaneous demand variations is evaluated in aging characteristics for different battery technologies. In addition, the scope of the analysis is deepened by the effects of a high carbon tax on feasibility outcomes in zero carbon tax policies. The results confirm the superiority of NaS battery technology in terms of its financial and renewable potential and LAB benefits for carbon emissions and BESS technical performance. In the later stages, hybrid demand variability further impacts the LAB technology, reducing cycle degradation by up to 7.43% and increasing throughput by up to 11.26%. Additionally, a high carbon tax could reduce CO2 by up to 9.4% and increase the renewable rate by up to 5.2%. Assessing the feasibility trade-offs in BESS technology selection from multiple perspectives will provide credible win-win environments for stakeholders.