International Conference on Energy and Sustainable Built Environment(ICESBE 2019), İstanbul, Türkiye, 19 - 20 Haziran 2019, ss.29-30
The comfort conditions of indoor environments should be appropriate to maintain healthy and comfortable living and to be more productive working. Acceptable thermal comfort of the educational buildings will increase the efficiency of the occupants. In the scope of the study, three classrooms in different facades, sizes and heights were determined in a faculty building, in order to check the suitability of thermal comfort conditions of educational buildings. Measurements and surveys were carried out in the determined classrooms during a day in heating period. The body is one of the important parameter that affect thermal comfort conditions. The temperature of the indoor environment varies according to the number of people in the environment due to heat generated within the body, namely metabolic rate. Therefore, the field measurements were repeated in case the classrooms were full and empty. The results of the survey were analyzed and compared with the measurement results. The thermal comfort conditions of the classrooms were evaluated according to the specified levels in the standards. In the results of the measurement, it was determined that the classrooms were more comfortable when empty compared to their fullness. It is determined that the occupants are not satisfied with the thermal situation, but in general the environment allows the course to be understood and focused. It has been determined that the thermal comfort conditions vary according to the directions, volume dimensions and locations of the classrooms. In order to ensure thermal comfort, design parameters such as; the building layout, orientation, building form, internal planning and optical - thermophysical properties of building envelope should be determined properly. In addition, indoor air conditioning should be done according to occupant density and these design parameters. In this way, while providing thermal comfort, energy consumption will be reduced.