Hydrogen rich fuel gas production from 2-propanol using Pt/Al2O3 and Ni/Al2O3 catalysts in supercritical water.


Karakuş Y., Aynacı F., Kıpçak E. , Akgün M.

INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARLY AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION, cilt.6, ss.1049-1053, 2012 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Cilt numarası: 6 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.5281/zenodo.1056288
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARLY AND SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1049-1053

Özet

Hydrogen is an important chemical in many industries and it is expected to become one of the major fuels for energy generation in the future. Unfortunately, hydrogen does not exist in its elemental form in nature and therefore has to be produced from hydrocarbons, hydrogen-containing compounds or water. Above its critical  point (374.8oC and 22.1MPa), water has lower density and viscosity, and a higher heat capacity than those of ambient water. Mass transfer in supercritical water (SCW) is enhanced due to its increased diffusivity and transport ability. The reduced dielectric constant makes supercritical water a better solvent for organic compounds and gases. Hence, due to the aforementioned desirable properties, there is a growing interest toward studies regarding the gasification of organic matter containing biomass or model biomass solutions in supercritical water. In this study, hydrogen and biofuel production by the catalytic gasification of 2-Propanol in supercritical conditions of water was investigated. Pt/Al2O3and Ni/Al2O3were the catalysts used in the gasification reactions. All of the experiments were performed under a constant pressure of 25MPa. The effects of five reaction temperatures (400, 450, 500, 550 and 600°C) and five reaction times (10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 s) on the gasification yield and flammable component content were investigated.