School Management's Opinions on Immigrant Students and Their Families: The Sample of Küçükçekmece District in Istanbul


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Hayır Kanat M., Yıldız S.

International Journal of Field Education, vol.10, no.1, pp.58-75, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Field Education
  • Journal Indexes: Sobiad Atıf Dizini
  • Page Numbers: pp.58-75
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study is to reveal the opinions of school administrators, who are working in regions of Istanbul with a dense refugee population, on refugee students and their families. The population of the research, which was designed with the general survey model, consists of a total of 442 school administrators, including 6 deputy principals, 151 principals and 285 assistant principals, working at different education levels of public schools in Küçükçekmece in the 2020-2021 academic year. The sample of the study is 52 school administrators selected from the population. Of the sample group, 27 were male and 25 were female, and 34 of them were working in primary school, 10 in secondary school and 8 in high school. An 11-question questionnaire form was developed and applied to obtain the research data. In addition to the personal characteristics of the participants, the questionnaire includes questions about their experiences with refugee students and their parents, the problems they face and their suggestions for solutions to the problems. The research questionnaire was digitized through Google Forms due to Covid-19 measures and participant responses were collected digitally. Open-ended questions in the questionnaire form were analyzed by content analysis. According to the participants, the most important advantage of the presence of refugee students in Turkey is the richness of culture. School administrators mainly focused on the problems they face with refugee students and their families. They stated that they had problems with refugee students and their families regarding language and communication problems, difficulties in refugee students' adaptation to school culture, refugee families' lack of interest in education, and students' tendency to violence. In order to solve the problems they experienced, the participants made suggestions for providing language and communication support to refugee students and their parents, introducing Turkish culture, organizing the curricula implemented in Turkey in a way to meet the educational needs of international migrant and refugee students, and planning adaptation activities.