The aim of this research was to evaluate the efficiency of electrocoagulation (EC) for the removal of natural organic matter (NOM) by using iron (Fe) and aluminum (Al) electrodes. The effects of several operational parameters such as initial pH (3-10), time of electrolysis (5-30 min), initial concentration of organic matter (10-50 mg NOM/L), current density (0.25-1.25 mA/cm(2)), type of electrode material (n = 4, 2 sides x 11 cm x 10 cm, wall thickness = 2 mm, distance between each electrode = 5 mm), and type of connection of electrodes (bipolar and monopolar configurations) were explored for the removal of NOM from synthetic humic acid solution in a 2 L laboratory-scale EC cells (A (s)/V = 0.110 cm(-1)). The optimum conditions for the process were identified as pH = 3 and 7, electrolysis time = 20 and 10 min for Fe and Al electrodes, respectively. Using both electrodes at current density = 0.25 mA/cm(2) and initial concentration of organic matter = 50 mg/L, a NOM removal efficiency of almost 100% could be achieved in the bipolar mode. Based on the optimum conditions, specific reactor electrical energy consumptions were 14.90 kWh/kg Al (or 0.092 kWh/m(3)) and 2.88 kWh/kg Fe (or 0.11 kWh/m(3)). Specific electrode consumptions were obtained to be 0.0062 and 0.0382 kg/m(3), and operating costs of the EC system were preliminary estimated at 0.057 and 0.119 $/m(3) for Al and Fe electrodes, respectively.