Experimental comparison of straight flanging and rotary die bending based on springback

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Livatyali H., Turan S. E., Birol F., Turkoz M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY, vol.120, no.7-8, pp.4373-4386, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 120 Issue: 7-8
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00170-022-09020-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, Compendex, INSPEC, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.4373-4386
  • Keywords: Straight flanging, Rotary die bending, Springback, SHEET METALS, PREDICTION, DESIGN, SIMULATION
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Springback in sheet bending is a well-defined phenomenon; however, variation of springback is difficult to control causing quality problems in especially mass-produced goods such as home appliances. As an alternative to straight flanging, the rotary die bending process offers reduced springback as well as reduced geometric variation; however, there is little knowledge in the literature. The effects of process parameters on the springback behavior of straight flanging and rotary die bending as applied to home appliance side panels are investigated experimentally. For each flange bending method, effects of die radius, punch-die clearance, rolling direction, flange length, and material supplier on springback are tested on EN DC01 carbon and SAE 430 stainless steel sheets. A material-wise factorial experimental design was applied to investigate the factor interactions as well as the main effects using ANOVA. In both methods, die radius was the most dominant factor on springback, clearance being the second, and the inevitable material property variations being the third one. Nevertheless, in rotary die bending, springback values were smaller with significantly less scatter compared to straight flanging. Consequently, rotary die bending is a much more preferable process especially in mass production performed with narrow profit margins.