A preliminary study on the distribution and morphology of microplastics in the coastal areas of Istanbul, the metropolitan city of Turkey: The effect of location differences


SARI ERKAN H. , Turan N. B. , Albay M., ENGİN G.

JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, vol.307, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 307
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127320
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
  • Keywords: Microplastics, Turkey, Sea discharge, Marine, Pier, Stream, Physicochemical characteristics, WATER TREATMENT PLANTS, WASTE-WATER, MEDITERRANEAN SEA, LEVANTINE COAST, SURFACE WATERS, PLASTIC DEBRIS, MU-M, ABUNDANCE, RIVER, FATE

Abstract

Microplastics (MP) pollution has emerged in the last 10 years as an interesting topic of research worldwide. However, microplastic pollution is a new multidisciplinary subject that encompasses many unknowns and enters different fields of science. Research carried out in Turkey on the subject is quite limited and remained on a small scale covering only several stations most of the time.This paper aims to study microplastics distribution, type, and color in 43 stations within the Marmara Sea. The novelty of this work is due to the selection of the stations which cover marine (MRN), pier (PIER), stream (STR), sea discharge (SD), and deep-sea discharge (DSD) stations. The effect of the seawater physicochemical characteristics on microplastics distribution was statistically studied using the Pearson's product momentum correlation coefficient. The highest microplastics abundance was for pier stations (3497.02 particle/km2) and the lowest was for marine stations (276.1857 particle/km2).