Search for a common baryon source in high-multiplicity pp collisions at the LHC

Acharya S., Adamová D., Adler A., Adolfsson J., Aggarwal M., Aglieri Rinella G., ...More

Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol.811, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


We report on the measurement of the size of the particle-emitting source from two-baryon correlations with ALICE in high-multiplicity pp collisions at s=13 TeV. The source radius is studied with low relative momentum p–p, p‾–p‾, p–Λ, and p‾–Λ‾ pairs as a function of the pair transverse mass mT considering for the first time in a quantitative way the effect of strong resonance decays. After correcting for this effect, the radii extracted for pairs of different particle species agree. This indicates that protons, antiprotons, Λ s, and Λ‾ s originate from the same source. Within the measured mT range (1.1–2.2) GeV/c2the invariant radius of this common source varies between 1.3 and 0.85 fm. These results provide a precise reference for studies of the strong hadron–hadron interactions and for the investigation of collective properties in small colliding systems.