Mimarist, sa.63, ss.77-83, 2018 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)
DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR LIVABLE AND IDENTIFIABLE NEIGHBORHOOD UNITS: COMPARISON of KADIKÖY and ATAŞEHIR EXAMPLES in ISTANBUL
With the 1980s, attempts to develop sustainable and livable setting environments, planning and design principles have been adopted from the reinterpretation of "traditional neighborhood design" which is based on the interaction of natural and socio-economic structures. In this regard, the protection of biodiversity, increasing resistance to climate change by the help of designing healthy, dynamic and livable neighborhoods are often confronted by the concepts discussed in the international literature as human-centered design, sustainability and authenticity of a place. The purpose of this study is to determine design parameters for livable and identifiable neighborhood units in the context of sustainability and to examine these parameters by comparing two different neighborhood examples (Bahariye-Kadıköy and West Ataşehir) from Istanbul. Overall the field investigations applied upon the spatial determinations, particularly at West Ataşehir developed since 2000s has exposed an automobile dependent and self-oriented neighborhood life style, where the public spaces were excluded, human scale, sense of belonging and safety principles were eliminated. Therefore, it has been revealed a life that is far from being a “social and physical sub-region” has been imposed.