Biobutanol production from underutilized substrates using Clostridium: Unlocking untapped potential for sustainable energy development

Nabila D. S., Chan R., Syamsuri R. R. P., Nurlilasari P., Wan-Mohtar W. A. A. Q. I., ÖZTÜRK A. B., ...More

Current Research in Microbial Sciences, vol.7, 2024 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 7
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.crmicr.2024.100250
  • Journal Name: Current Research in Microbial Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Keywords: Biobutanol, Biofuels, Clostridium, Green economy, Sustainable energy, Underutilized substrates
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The increasing demand for sustainable energy has brought biobutanol as a potential substitute for fossil fuels. The Clostridium genus is deemed essential for biobutanol synthesis due to its capability to utilize various substrates. However, challenges in maintaining fermentation continuity and achieving commercialization persist due to existing barriers, including butanol toxicity to Clostridium, low substrate utilization rates, and high production costs. Proper substrate selection significantly impacts fermentation efficiency, final product quality, and economic feasibility in Clostridium biobutanol production. This review examines underutilized substrates for biobutanol production by Clostridium, which offer opportunities for environmental sustainability and a green economy. Extensive research on Clostridium, focusing on strain development and genetic engineering, is essential to enhance biobutanol production. Additionally, critical suggestions for optimizing substrate selection to enhance Clostridium biobutanol production efficiency are also provided in this review. In the future, cost reduction and advancements in biotechnology may make biobutanol a viable alternative to fossil fuels.