A 3-D FSI SIMULATION FOR THE PERFORMANCE PREDICTION AND VALVE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF A HERMETIC RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR


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Bacak A., Pınarbaşı A., Dalkiliç A. S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFRIGERATION, vol.150, no.2, pp.135-148, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 150 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2023.01.028
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFRIGERATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.135-148
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Hermetic reciprocating compressors consume the most electricity, and an improvement in compressor performance

has a direct impact on compressor efficiency. Valve motion and pressure pulsation should be precisely

predicted to assess the thermodynamic performance. In this paper, a three-dimensional fluid-structure interaction

model validated by experiments is developed to investigate the oscillation motion of the suction and

discharge reed valves, compression power, and mass flow rate of a hermetic reciprocating compressor operating

under ASHRAE (54.4 ◦C/-23.3 ◦C) at the speed of 2100 rpm and additional specific refrigerator operating

conditions such as (25 ◦C/-20 ◦C) and (40 ◦C/-25 ◦C) at the speeds of 1300 and 1600 rpms, respectively. Different

from the others, no prior study has explored the whole compression cycle, including all four essential phases by

showing the compressor’s pV and valve oscillation diagrams under these operating conditions. In addition, the

advanced mesh refinement method is computationally straightforward and has excellent numerical stability.

Using this method as the third one in the literature, the mesh structure of complex geometries is generated

without additional time or effort. Thus, the development of the model and the solution takes significantly less

time than with other methods. When the obtained numerical outputs using the RNG k-ε turbulence model and

experimental data are compared, the turbulence model is found to be reliable in the prediction of thermodynamic

performance and valve lift. The deviations between experimental and numerical outcomes are 1.79%, -0.6%, and

3.44% for compression power and -1.28%, 0.6%, and 2.44% for mass flow rate regarding ASHRAE and additional

operating conditions.