AESOP 16th Young Academics Conference: In Search of Well-Being in Liminality: No Longer, Not Yet, İstanbul, Turkey, 5 - 08 April 2022, pp.58
After her/his body, which is the first ‘place’ in the existence of humans, s/he has to appropriate surroundings to survive in the space. Since the beginning, people have reproduced public spaces by appropriating nature, villages, and cities. Hence, human beings live on the liminality between body and space. This limitation has led to the emergence of many different forms of appropriations. The simplest definition of appropriation is that appropriation of space means the whole of acts transforming a space to be used in a different function than its designated function. This concept has been explained in the literature with many different connotations, such as temporary appropriations, everyday urbanism, and insurgent public space. From this point, it has evolved into different theories of urbanism like DIY (do-it-yourself) urbanism, guerilla urbanism, tactical urbanism. Appropriation of space has also been classified under different typologies regarding actors, purposes, diversity of acts, or permission status. However, spatial analysis and spatial typology of appropriations in a broad sense have not been included in such different classifications. With this study, first, ambiguities and inconsistencies between the connotations of concepts and typologies are tried to be eliminated. Typologies of appropriation of space gathered in a single matrix. Furthermore, as a flaneur, 52 students of the planning- 1 studio at YTU (Yildiz Technical University) took 1-hour walks in various parts of Istanbul without any rules. With the chasing everyday life with these one-hour walks, the non-representational theory is followed through urbanism. Students explored and named different examples of appropriations and mapped the locations with photos of these examples on the application of ‘mymaps.’ In this study, these data (includes approximately 400 examples) are examined to bring typology of appropriations in Istanbul. Three main categories are reached; appropriation of space, commercialization of space, and privatization of space. Afterward, eliminating the inaccurate data, 328 examples were transferred to the ArcGIS program. After analyzing the examples, this research mainly suggests a spatial typology of appropriation of public space to use for spatial analysis in future case studies.