Effect of the type of gasifying agent on gas composition in a bubbling fluidized bed reactor

AYDAR E., GUL S., UNLU N., AKGUN F., Livatyali H.

JOURNAL OF THE ENERGY INSTITUTE, vol.87, no.1, pp.35-42, 2014 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 87 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.joei.2014.02.004
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-42
  • Keywords: Coal gasification, Bubbling fluidized bed, Synthesis raw gas, Steam, Equivalence ratio, BIOMASS GASIFICATION, STEAM-GASIFICATION, COAL-GASIFICATION, AIR, TEMPERATURE, QUALITY


It is commonly accepted that gasification of coal has a high potential for a more sustainable and clean way of coal utilization. In recent years, research and development in coal gasification areas are mainly focused on the synthetic raw gas production, raw gas cleaning and, utilization of synthesis gas for different areas such as electricity, liquid fuels and chemicals productions within the concept of poly-generation applications. The most important parameter in the design phase of the gasification process is the quality of the synthetic raw gas that depends on various parameters such as gasifier reactor itself, type of gasification agent and operational conditions. In this work, coal gasification has been investigated in a laboratory scale atmospheric pressure bubbling fluidized bed reactor, with a focus on the influence of the gasification agents on the gas composition in the synthesis raw gas. Several tests were performed at continuous coal feeding of several kg/h. Gas quality (contents in H-2, CO, CO2, CH4, O-2) was analyzed by using online gas analyzer through experiments. Coal was crushed to a size below 1 mm. It was found that the gas produced through experiments had a maximum energy content of 5.28 MJ/Nm(3) at a bed temperature of approximately 800 degrees C, with the equivalence ratio at 0.23 based on air as a gasification agent for the coal feedstock. Furthermore, with the addition of steam, the yield of hydrogen increases in the synthesis gas with respect to the water-gas shift reaction. It was also found that the gas produced through experiments had a maximum energy content of 9.21 MJ/Nm(3) at a bed temperature range of approximately 800-950 degrees C, with the equivalence ratio at 0.21 based on steam and oxygen mixtures as gasification agents for the coal feedstock. The influence of gasification agents, operational conditions of gasifier, etc. on the quality of synthetic raw gas, gas production efficiency of gasifier and coal conversion ratio are discussed in details. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Energy Institute.