End organ effects of nonpulsatile (NP) and pulsatile (P) left ventricular assist device (LVAD) flow were compared in a canine model of doxorubicin-induced heart failure. After heart failure induction, a prototype bimodal LVAD was implanted. Hemodynamics, cardiac dimensions, and myocardial metabolism were monitored with the LVAD off (baseline) and on (in NP and P modes at 70% or 100% power). End organ perfusion was assessed by colored microsphere analysis. Seven dogs were used: two died before pump implantation and were excluded from analysis, and the remaining five survived to study termination. At 70% NP, ascending aortic flow and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) decreased significantly. At 100% NP, LV dimensions decreased, aortic systolic, pulse, and LV pressures decreased but not significantly, and ascending aorta flow reversed. At 100% NP, coronary blood flow, MVO2, and LV free wall subepicardial and subendocardial blood flows decreased significantly. However, as NP support increased, the subepicardial/subendocardial blood flow ratio remained near baseline. At 100% NP, right ventricular perfusion decreased but not significantly, cerebral perfusion decreased significantly, and renal perfusion stayed constant. P mode results were similar, except that ascending aorta flow decreased significantly at 100% P instead of reversing as at 100% NP. These results suggest that end organ perfusion is not differentially affected by LVAD flow mode during chronic heart failure.