Thermophysical Properties of Nanofluids


Arslan R., Ozdemir V. A. , AKYOL E. , DALKILIÇ A. S. , Wongwises S.

CURRENT NANOSCIENCE, vol.17, no.5, pp.694-727, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.2174/1573413716999201228130519
  • Title of Journal : CURRENT NANOSCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.694-727
  • Keywords: Review, nanofluids, viscosity, specific heat, thermal conductivity, density, EFFECTIVE THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, HEAT-TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT, GLYCOL-BASED NANOFLUIDS, WATER-BASED AL2O3, ETHYLENE-GLYCOL, DYNAMIC VISCOSITY, AQUEOUS SUSPENSIONS, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, HYBRID NANOFLUID, BROWNIAN-MOTION

Abstract

Nanofluids, which consist of base liquid and nano-sized conductive particles, are widely acclaimed as a new generation liquid for heat transfer applications. Since they possess a variety of conductive particles, they can be efficiently utilized in a heat exchanger. These nano-sized conduc-tive particles can increase the surface area, thus the heat transfer area, changing their thermophysical features. Density, thermal conductivity, viscosity, and heat capacity are crucial parameters and can-not be underestimated in heat transfer. These properties can be manipulated by the particle and base-liquid and can significantly influence the performance of nanofluids. In the last decade, several mod-els, equations, and investigations have been performed to examine the parameters that promote these properties. A review is necessary to locate terms for classifying studies that are both compatible and contradictory to the effects of density, thermal conductivity, viscosity, and heat capacity on the per-formance of nanofluids.