Varietal and time dependent differences in juglone and total phenolic contents of the walnut (Juglans regia L.) leaves

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Kocaçalışkan İ. , Turan E., Ertürk Ü., Demir Y., Terzi I.

PROGRESS IN NUTRITION, vol.22, no.1, pp.193-198, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.23751/pn.v22i1.7949
  • Title of Journal : PROGRESS IN NUTRITION
  • Page Numbers: pp.193-198


From May to October, time dependent differences with two weeks intervals in juglone (5-Hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinon) and total phenolic content of the leaves of five walnut (Juglans regia L.) cultural varieties grown in Turkey (cv. Sebin, cv. Yalova-2, cv. Yalova-3, cv. Yalova-4 and cv. 1974/7) were investigated. Juglone and phenolic contents were determined by spectrophotometric methods. Correlations between juglone-phenolic content, juglone-climatic factors and phenolic content-climatic factors were also established. In conclusion, there were significant differences between the varieties and the highest values of both juglone and phenolic content were recorded in Yalova-2 cultivar among the varieties. For example, maximum juglone content was determined in Yalova-2 (3,51 mg/g) but minimum in Yalova-4 (2,26 mg/g). Maximum phenolic content was also determined in Yalova-2 (51,8 mg/g), but minimum phenolic level was seen in 1974/7 cultivar (49,3 mg/g), as a mean. On the other hand, both juglone and phenolic content were generally higher from middle of August to middle of September and the lowest levels were seen in May. Further, while a significant positive correlation between juglone and phenolic contents of the leaves was found, there was almost no significant correlation between juglone and climatic factors except a significant negative correlation between phenolic content and wind speed in Yalova-2 cultivar.