Electrosprayed chitosan-coated alginate-pectin beads as potential system for colon-targeted delivery of ellagic acid


Karakas C. Y. , Ordu H. R. , BOZKURT F. , KARADAĞ A.

JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jsfa.11430
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
  • Keywords: in vitro digestion, release, gel strength, microparticles, ionotropic gelation, CONTROLLED-RELEASE, ENCAPSULATION, MICROCAPSULES, FILMS, FOOD, STABILITY, SURVIVAL, IMPROVES, SIZE

Abstract

BACKGROUND Ellagic acid (EA), a potent dietary antioxidant, has limited bioavailability owing to its rapid absorption in the stomach and small intestine, and EA is transformed to more bioavailable compounds - urolithins - in the colon. An encapsulation system that sustains the release of EA in the gastrointestinal system and delivers more EA into the colon could improve the oral bioavailability of EA. Electrosprayed EA-loaded alginate-pectin beads were produced and coated with low- (LC) and high-molecular-weight chitosan (HC). The EA release from uncoated and coated beads under simulated gastrointestinal conditions was evaluated. The samples were characterized by particle size, gel strength, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis. RESULTS The encapsulation efficiency (EE%) of EA ranged from 49.53% to 69.85% for uncoated beads, which was elevated up to 86.50% by coating, and LC coating provided higher EE%. Pectin addition to alginate and chitosan coating reduced the gel strength and changed the size depending on the molecular weight of chitosan. SEM images of pectin-added beads showed fewer cracks but more wrinkles, and chitosan coating presented more aggregated surfaces. The ionic interaction of alginate-pectin-chitosan and the entrapment of EA were confirmed by FTIR. In the gastric medium, EA release was very low from uncoated beads (15.2-19.8%), and totally restricted by chitosan coating. In the intestinal stage, EA release from LC-coated alginate-pectin beads was only 18%, and it was between 55% and 65% for uncoated or HC-coated counterparts. CONCLUSION The LC-coated alginate-pectin beads could be further explored as a potential system for colon-targeted delivery of EA. (c) 2021 Society of Chemical Industry