What is a smart office environment? An exploratory study from a user perspective

Tuzcuoglu D., de Vries B., Yang D., SUNGUR A.

JOURNAL OF CORPORATE REAL ESTATE, vol.25, no.2, pp.118-138, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/jcre-12-2021-0041
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier
  • Page Numbers: pp.118-138
  • Keywords: Smart office environments, User perspective, Expectations, Preferences, User satisfaction, Experience, Office, Satisfaction, Preferences, Smart, PERCEIVED PRODUCTIVITY, SATISFACTION, EMPLOYEES, WORKPLACE, PRIVACY, BEHAVIOR, QUALITY, IMPACT, NEEDS
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose This paper aims to explore the meaning of smart office environments from a user perspective by investigating user preferences and expectations. Design/methodology/approach Eleven semi-structured interviews with the users after moving into a smart office building of a Dutch Municipality and an observation as complementary data were conducted. The data were analysed based on the grounded theory and thematic analysis, combining a reflexive approach to the literature review. Findings Two main themes were revealed addressing user expectations and preferences for smart office environments: "enhanced interaction" with the social and physical office environment and "sense-making" of the smart concept (or smartness). Within these themes, basic and smart office aspects were identified and classified based on their association with smart office concepts or technology. Practical implications The findings reveal the meaning of the smart office concepts from a user perspective by highlighting the importance of user experience on enhanced interaction and sense-making of the smart office concept, equipped with basic and smart aspects. Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, this study is the first to qualitatively examine drivers underlying the meaning of smart office concepts from a user point of view. Organisations, environmental psychologists, designers and managers can use the findings of this study to develop guidelines for a successful smart office design.