Harmony in Life Scale - Turkish version: Studies of validity and reliability

Satici S. A., Tekin E. G.

PSICOLOGIA-REFLEXAO E CRITICA, vol.30, 2017 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s41155-017-0073-9
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Keywords: Harmony, Well-being, Quality of life, University students, Scale adaptation, NEGATIVE AFFECT, SELF, SATISFACTION, CULTURE, STATES
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


This article presents the adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Turkish version of Harmony in Life Scale (Turkish-HiL). The present paper investigates (study 1; N-1 = 253) confirmatory factor analysis, measurement invariance; (study 2; N-2 = 231) concurrent validity; (study 3; N-3 = 260) convergent and known-group validities; (study 4; Nt - t = 50) test-retest, Cronbach alpha, and composite reliabilities of the Turkish-HiL. In study 1, based on a confirmatory factor analysis, results confirmed that unidimensional-factor structure. The results suggested that the model demonstrated a configural and metric invariance across the gender groups. In study 2, Turkish-HiL significantly correlated with measures of satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, positive affect, and negative affect. In study 3, Turkish-HiL was predicted positively by flourishing, conversely, negatively predicted by depression, anxiety, and stress. Finally, in study 4, alpha, composite and test-retest reliabilities are acceptable. Overall, the scale presented here may prove useful for satisfactorily assessing, in Turkish, the harmony in life of the university students.