The rational design of gCN/a-WOx/Pt heterostructured nanophotocatalysts for boosting the hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of ammonia borane under visible light


Aksoy M., Eken Korkut S. , Metin Ö.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.06.186
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded
  • Keywords: Ammonia borane, Amorphous tungsten oxide, Graphitic carbon nitride, Heterojunction, Hydrogen production, Photocatalysts, Platinum nanoparticles

Abstract

© 2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLCIn-situ generation of platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) supported on graphitic carbon nitride/amorphous tungsten oxide (gCN/a-WOx) binary heterojunctions under white-light irradiation was performed during the hydrolysis of ammonia borane (HAB). The gCN/a-WOx/Pt(IV) nanocomposites including different amount of W were prepared to study their comparative photocatalysis for the photocatalytic HAB. The yielded gCN/a-WOx/Pt nanocatalysts provided a maximum turnover frequency (TOF) value of 419.2 mol H2 mol Pt−1 min−1, which is higher than that of gCN/Pt nanocatalysts (287.7 mol H2 mol Pt−1 min−1). Many advanced analytical techniques comprising ICP-MS, TEM, HAADF-STEM, XRD, XPS, EDX, and BET were used to determine the elemental composition, morphology, elemental distribution, crystal structure, chemical/oxidation state of the surface elements and the textural properties of the nanocatalysts. The characterization results support the formation of wrinkled paper-like amorphous phase WOx (a-WOx) materials in multiple oxidation states over the gCN nanosheets. The photophysical properties of gCN/a-WOx nanocomposites were also analyzed by using UV–Vis DRS, PL, and TRES techniques to clarify the contribution of the heterojunction formation between gCN and a-WOx semiconductors to the photocatalytic activity. Owing to the enhanced visible light absorption, suppressed charge recombination, and promoted charge carrier transfer, gCN/a-WOx/Pt nanocatalysts boosted the hydrogen production from the HAB under white-light irradiation by providing 419.2 mol H2 mol Pt−1 min−1 TOF, which is 4.8 times higher compared to the one obtained in dark. A plausible photocatalytic mechanism for the photocatalytic HAB reaction in the presence of gCN/a-WOx/Pt nanocatalysts was suggested based on the results of performed scavenger experiments. The rate law and the activation parameters for the of gCN/a-WOx/Pt catalyzed HAB were also reported along with kinetic studies. Additionally, a reusability test was performed to understand the stability of gCN/a-WOx/Pt nanocatalysts in the HAB such that the significance of a-WOx species in the enhancement of photocatalytic activity became more pronounced. This study reports for the first time that gCN/a-WOx heterojunctions are favorable support materials for the in-situ generation of Pt NPs and promoting the photocatalytic activity of Pt NPs in the hydrogen generation from the HAB under white-light illumination.