Sorption behavior and preliminary pervaporation results of cross-linked polyvinylalcohol and polydimethylsiloxane membranes prepared for the separation of water-ethylacetate mixtures


Salt Y. , Hasanoğlu A. M. , Dinçer S.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATIONS, vol.190, pp.564-572, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 190
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00986440390207260
  • Title of Journal : CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATIONS
  • Page Numbers: pp.564-572

Abstract

Since pervaporation process is the coupling of solution and diffusion mechanisms, a sorption study was carried out with membranes prepared by cross-linking polyvinylalcohol (PVA) and polidimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Tartaric acid (Tac) was used as the cross-linking agent for PVA, and a commercial cross-linking agent was used for PDMS. Sorption experiments were carried out at 30-50degreesC temperature range in pure water and ethyl acetate using the films prepared. The PVA and PDMS films prepared preferentially sorb water and ethylacetate, respectively. A pervaporation study at 30degreesC was carried out for pure ethylacetate and pure water, and mixtures of ethylacetate containing 2 and 2.5 wt% water using 100 mum thick PVA membrane. The results indicate that the PVA membrane prepared is extremely selective for water.