Experimental investigation and dynamic modelling of an upright freezer under periodic door opening conditions Étude expérimentale et modélisation dynamique d'un congélateur vertical dans des conditions d'ouverture périodique de la porte

Ipek M., DİNCER İ.

International Journal of Refrigeration, vol.153, pp.356-369, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 153
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2023.06.004
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Refrigeration
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.356-369
  • Keywords: Heat transfer, Mass transfer, Periodic door opening, Refrigeration, Upright freezer, Validation
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper performs a comprehensive experimental and modelling study to examine the dynamic behaviour of an upright freezer with adjustable shelving under periodic door opening conditions with different temperature, pressure and relative humidity values. An uncertainty analysis is carried out for the experimentally measured data. Additionally, the dynamic model is developed with crucial sub-components, such as discretized upright cabinet, frosted evaporator and semi-empirical door opening mechanism using an object-orientated programming language called Modelica. The present model is the validated with experimental data employing the values of the airflow from ambient into the cabinet along with the average cabinet air flowrate and back wall temperatures, transient evaporation and condensation pressures, cabinet average relative humidity change, compressor operation time and power consumption, and finally total energy consumption of refrigerator for both 85%RH and 65% RH conditions at 32 °C ambient. The results show that the model predictions have a similar trendline with the experimental findings within ±3 K error bands regarding average cabinet air and back wall temperature. In contrast, the dynamic cyclic trend before and after door opening is closer to the experiments within ±1 K. The current model predictions for the low and high pressures are found to be within ±3% and ±5% error bands, respectively, whereas the average relative humidity level of the cabinet is captured within ±10% deviation. Furthermore, transient compressor power is well predicted with deviations, but not exceeding 4.5%, and the total energy consumption level is compatible with 6% error bands during the entire experimental period.