Efficient braking energy recovery using bidirectional step-up converter in fuel cell and battery electric vehicles


Düsmez S., Vural B. , Uzunoğlu M., Boynueğri A. R. , Li Z.

International Journal of Powertrains , cilt.4, no.2, ss.89-105, 2015 (Diğer Kurumların Hakemli Dergileri)

  • Cilt numarası: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1504/ijpt.2015.070363
  • Dergi Adı: International Journal of Powertrains
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.89-105

Özet

The topology of the power conditioning unit (PCU) that is used with energy storage system (ESS), has a vital role especially in braking energy recovery. In recent studies, conventional bidirectional half-bridge topology is widely used as a PCU for ESSs. Due to its structure, it does not have the capability of capturing braking energy when the voltage across the motor terminals is lower than ESS voltage. This study investigates the feasibility of utilising a PCU with stepping up capability in regenerative braking operation mode, focusing on the additional braking energy that can be captured in comparison with that of the conventional half-bridge buck/boost converter. In order to verify the advantageous of the proposed approach in braking energy recovery, two 1 kW prototypes, a conventional half-bridge buck-boost and cascaded buck-boost converters are designed and tested for three different drive cycles including normalised version of ECE-15.