MASS HOUSING & ITS SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT: INTEGRATED HOUSING DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM – IHDP IN ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA


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Ahmed M. J. , Başdoğan S.

CEDESU 2021 2ND INTERNATIONAL CITY AND ECOLOGY CONGRESS, Trabzon, Turkey, 2 - 03 December 2021, vol.1, pp.141-151

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Trabzon
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.141-151

Abstract

Provision of affordable housing is challenging factor of rapid urban developments in the Global South. Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia, has been trying to address the fast growing housing demand through different schemes of affordable housing. The Integrated Housing Development Program – IHDP, which was initiated in 2003 by the government, is a country wide program designed to address the housing issue.

The IHDP has been set on clearing all slums and contribute for the middle income country target along with providing affordable housing units. Also, it aimed at creating job opportunity for the urban youth through the integration of Micro and Small Enterprises – MSE. The development program has developed a low cost construction system by applying a standardized prefabrication system specially developed for the program along with mass housing design approach.

However, variety of socio-economic problems have started to emerge after the occupation of the newly developed housing neighborhoods. These are mainly caused by the disruption of the socio-economic status caused by the relocation and resettlement of dwellers. These issues include affordability, safety and security, means of income, lost land, societal organization membership and waste disposal systems.

With the data acquired through observation, firsthand experience of the society, technical manuals, newspapers, survey of dwellers of condominium housing by UN-Habitat (2017), Ministry of Construction and Urban Development and Central Statistics Agency of Ethiopia, and literary critiques, this research makes descriptive analysis of the surveys. From the results, it discusses alternative approaches within the framework of policy diversification, relocation strategies and off-grid waste management system that could be integrated in to the housing program in Addis Ababa.