Geospatial alternatives for quantification of bio-thermal influence zone in the vicinity of a solid waste dump


Basit I., Faizi F., Mahmood K., BİLGİLİ M. S. , YILDIRIM Y., Mushtaq F.

WASTE MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0734242x221126417
  • Journal Name: WASTE MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Municipal solid waste, geospatial technologies, meteorological parameters, hazardous zones, thermal influence zone, forest community, HAZARDOUS-WASTE, SATELLITE, TEMPERATURE, SITES, MANAGEMENT, LANDFILLS, INDEXES
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Owing to the release of toxic gases, leachate and thermal emissions that originate from waste dumps, these sites significantly impact environmental sustainability. The study attempts to assess the deleterious impact of municipal solid waste (MSW) dump on surrounding forested landscape by employing geospatial technologies, which are cost and time-effective. For this purpose, temporal period ranging from 2015 to 2020, having 41 valid satellite observations has been selected for study. Firstly, the radii of intense hazardous zone and hazardous zone have been measured, as two separate parameters, which are 580 +/- 30 m and 1260 +/- 30 m, respectively. Secondly, average spatial extent of bio-influence zone is measured to be 1262 m while the average thermal influence zone extends up to 530 m around the MSW dumping site. A detailed analysis of influence zone variations reveals that the bio-influence zone depends on multitude of meteorological parameters, whereas the thermal influence zone relies mainly on seasonal temperature fluctuations. Moreover, the level of severity of emissions from MSW decomposition directly depends upon temperature. The long-term variability analysis of these hazardous zones reveals the stationarity of their spatial extents, signifying forest resilience. This study has proved significance of geospatial techniques as an alternate of expensive and time intensive assessment methods involving in situ measurements. So the proposed technique is beneficial for environmentalists, decision-makers and municipal authorities for analysing the extent and severity of MSW pollutants for forest community to address the problem of ecological degradation.