A novel cathode material based on polystyrene with pendant TEMPO moieties obtained via click reaction and its use in rechargeable batteries


Sertkol S. B. , Sinirlioglu D., Esat B., Muftuoglu A. E.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER RESEARCH, vol.22, no.7, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10965-015-0777-4
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF POLYMER RESEARCH

Abstract

In the present study, a new type of cathode-active polymeric material was synthesized via a synthetic strategy which involves a series of high-yield and simple chemical reactions performed on a commercially available and relatively cheap polymer, poly(p-chloromethylstyrene). Polymeric support for the electro-active TEMPO was obtained by nitroxide-mediated polymerization (NMP) of p-chloromethyl styrene. This polystyrene derivative was converted to a polymer with pendant electro-active TEMPO radical groups via an azidation reaction which was followed by a click reaction with an alkyne functionalized TEMPO derivative. The obtained polystyrene bearing TEMPO radical polymer possessed a high spin density of 1.4x10(21) spin/g indicating that electro-active TEMPO groups were successfully attached to the polymer with high yield. The composite cathode material obtained by mixing this TEMPO functionalized polymer with graphite showed a reversible electrochemical redox behavior in a cyclic voltammetry (CV) study vs. Li metal anode. The Li-battery constructed using this cathode maintained 83 % of the its initial capacity (35 mAh/g) over 80 cycles with a cell potential of 3.8 V.