Preparation and in vitro bioactivity of CaSiO3 powders

Hazar A. B.

CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.33, no.4, pp.687-692, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2006.12.013
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.687-692
  • Keywords: sintering, CaSiO3 powders, chemical precipitation, hydroxyapatite, simulated body fluid (SBF), biocompatibility, SIMULATED BODY-FLUID, APATITE FORMATION, TRICALCIUM SILICATE, SINTERING BEHAVIOR, CERAMICS, HYDROXYAPATITE, SURFACE, DIOPSIDE


Fine CaSiO3 powders were prepared by chemical precipitation with ultrasonic stirring using Ca(NO3)2 center dot 4H(2)O, Si(OC2H5)(4) as source material and 0.25 mol/l NaOH as a precipitant. The characteristics of the resultant powders were negatively affected by the presence of the Na component. For this reason, the precipitates were washed with distilled water in order to remove the Na component. The washed precipitates were calcined at 3 500 and 900 degrees C. The ground and sieved powders were sintered at 1000 and 1200 degrees C to bulk density values of 1.49 and 2.035 g/cm(3), respectively. The minimum porosity of 5.00% was obtained on pellets pressed at 240 MPa and sintered at 1200 degrees C. The sintered pellets at 1200 degrees C were soaked in simulated body fluid (SBF) solution and hydroxyapatite (HAp) layer formed as ball-like particles on the surface of the CaSiO3 samples after soaking for a short time. (0 2007 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.