Exploring anticancer properties of novel Nano-Formulation of BODIPY Compound, Photophysicochemical, in vitro and in silico evaluations


Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol.301, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 301
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.saa.2023.122964
  • Journal Name: Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Anti-cancer activity, Boron-dipyrromethene, Molecular docking, Nanoparticle, Singlet oxygen
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A new BODIPY complex (C4) composed of meso- thienyl-pyridine substituted core unit diiodinated from 2- and 6- positions and distyryl moieties at 3- and 5- positions is synthesized. Nano-sized formulation of C4 is prepared by single emulsion method using poly(ε-caprolactone)(PCL) polymer. Encapsulation efficiency and loading capacity values of C4 loaded PCL nanoparticles (C4@PCL-NPs) are calculated and in vitro release profile of C4 is determined. The cytotoxicity and anti-cancer activity are conducted on the L929 and MCF-7 cell lines. Cellular uptake study is performed and interaction between C4@PCL-NPs and MCF-7 cell line is investigated. Anti-cancer activity of C4 is predicted with molecular docking studies and the inhibition property on EGFR, ERα, PR and mTOR are investigated for its anticancer properties. Molecular interactions, binding positions and docking score energies between C4 and EGFR, ERα, PR and mTOR targets are revealed using in silico methods. The druglikeness and pharmacokinetic properties of C4 are evaluated using the SwissADME and its bioavailability and toxicity profiles are assessed using the SwissADME, preADMET and pkCSM servers. In conclusion, the potential use of C4 as an anti-cancer agent is evaluated in vitro and in silico methods. Also, photophysicochemical properties are studied to investigate the potential of using Photodynamic Therapy (PDT). In photochemical studies, the calculated singlet oxygen quantum yield (ΦΔ) value was 0.73 for C4 and in photopysical studies, the calculated fluorescence quantum yield ΦF value was 0.19 for C4.