in: Encyclopedia of Smart Materials, Abdul Ghani Olabi, Editor, Elsevier Science, Oxford/Amsterdam , Amsterdam, pp.1-13, 2020
Industrialization has led to consumption of fossil fuels, causing a sharp increase in greenhouse gas emissions. Finding alternative energy resources is crucial and energy storage systems have emerged as a solution. Fluctuating energy production of renewable energy sources dictates utilization of energy storage systems connected to them. The arising problem with energy storage systems is their high cost, limiting widespread usage. Thus, finding cost-effective resources and production methods is of major importance. In this view, solid waste materials (SWMs) emerge as a potential solution due to their diversity, tailorable nature to produce energy storage materials. Based on this perspective, this article deals with reviewing utilization of SWMs in electrochemical and thermal energy storage systems.