Watermarking in Turkish: A syntax based model Türkçe metin damgalama: Sözdizimsel bir model

MERAL H. M., Sevinç E., Ünkar E., Sankur B., Sumru Özsoy A., Güngör T.

2007 IEEE 15th Signal Processing and Communications Applications, SIU, Eskişehir, Turkey, 11 - 13 June 2007 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/siu.2007.4298800
  • City: Eskişehir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: No


The aim of this study is to develop a natural language watermarking algorithm based on morphosyntactic manipulations of a text. This watermarking modality was chosen based on the observation that the Turkish syntax allows for a more stable and rich repertoire of tools. The watermarking algorithm utilizes linguistic tools such as dependency parser, tree converter, Wordnet and a lexicon. It embeds message bits in the sentences based on the applicability of tools per sentence, their choice being randomized for stylistic and security concerns. We give the statistics of the tool occurrences and measure their acceptability based on edit counts of readers.