MULTILINGUALISM ON MY MIND: EXPLORING MULTILINGUALISM IN EDUCATION, Bergen, Norway, 18 - 19 March 2021, pp.2-4
Abstract: In the last ten years positive emotion in foreign language learning has started to be increasingly explored and among them Foreign Language Enjoyment (FLE). FLE has being theorized as a positive emotion experienced when an individual’s psychological needs are met. The present work explore the relation between perceived level of wellbeing and stress, degree of multilingualism and their effect on FLE when learning an additional language. It also contribute to extend the research on FLE taking an holistic approach about multilingual individuals perception of their life and their emotions in learning languages other than English (LOTEs).
A sample of 68 students (35 multilingual and 33 bilingual) learning an additional language (Italian or French) were analysed using a bootstrapped correlations analyses followed by a first multiple regression analysis level of multilingualism, Perceived Stress (PS) and Subjective Wellbeing (SWB) as independent variable and FLE as a depended variable. A bootstrapped TTest was run with the level of multilingualism as independent variable an PS, SWB and FLE as dependent variable. Regression results indicate a small to medium effect of independent variables on the dependent variable. Ttest result indicates a difference in the level the two groups enjoy learning an additional language with multilinguals enjoying learning an additional language significantly more than bilinguals. Results indicate that a high level of SWB, a moderate level of stress and being multilingual may result in a higher level of FLE.