Microalgae production and biofuel from microalgae


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Elcik H., ÇAKMAKCI M.

JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE OF GAZI UNIVERSITY, vol.32, no.3, pp.795-820, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.17341/gazimmfd.337627
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE OF GAZI UNIVERSITY
  • Page Numbers: pp.795-820
  • Keywords: Microalgae, cultivation, photobioreactors, harvest, biofuel, WASTE-WATER TREATMENT, BIODIESEL PRODUCTION, LIPID PRODUCTION, CHLORELLA-VULGARIS, NANNOCHLOROPSIS-OCULATA, MIXOTROPHIC CULTIVATION, SCENEDESMUS-OBLIQUUS, ANAEROBIC-DIGESTION, NUTRIENT REMOVAL, BIOHYDROGEN PRODUCTION

Abstract

Fossil fuel reserves which supplying a major portion of energy needs, are depleting rapidly, and its environmental damages increases day by day. Therefore, like all developed and developing countries, our country have focused on the use of renewable energy sources. Within this scope in the our country, it was aimed gain of renewable energy sources to economy, promotion of sustainable energy production, and protection of environmental. Recently, one of the growing importance of renewable energy sources is the biomass energy. As an biomass energy source, all vegetable and animal organic substances which the main components are comprising carbohydrate compounds can be used. In these energy sources, microalgae seem promising for biofuel production due to their many advantages such as they have high photosynthetic efficiency, high biomass production, and they grow quickly. From microalgae, by using biochemical methods electricity, ethanol, hydrogen, methane and biodiesel and thermochemical methods syngas, biochar, biodiesel and electricity can be produced. In this review article, isolation of microalgae, microalgal biomass production, the methods used to biomass harvesting, and the availability of microalgae as a source of raw materials for renewable biofuels were viewed.