Temporal Transaction Scraping Assisted Point of Compromise Detection With Autoencoder Based Feature Engineering

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Ögme F., Gokhan Yavuz A., Amac Guvensan M. A., Karslıgil Yavuz M. E.

IEEE ACCESS, vol.9, pp.109536-109547, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/access.2021.3101738
  • Journal Name: IEEE ACCESS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.109536-109547
  • Keywords: Credit cards, Feature extraction, Patents, Deep learning, Business, Bibliographies, Unsupervised learning, Financial fraud, point of compromise detection, credit card skimming, clustering, autoencoder, retrospective analysis, CARD FRAUD DETECTION
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Credit card fraudsters exploit various methods to capture card information. One of the common methods is to duplicate the credit cards by skimming. In this study, we introduce a new point of compromise detection method in order to trace and identify merchants where the skimming operation took place and card information has been captured by criminals. The proposed method first extracts discriminative features by using principle component analysis(PCA) and Autoencoder extractors and then it clusters similar fraudulent transactions with K-Means algorithm, afterwards it highlights possible merchants that are involved in this scheme by finding matching merchants in the produced clusters with a retrospective analysis of all transactions. Our experiments showed that the proposed method could achieve promising results with zero-knowledge on the existing skimming points. The application of our proposed method on real-life card transactions enabled us to pinpoint 7 out of 9 point of compromise previously identified by the reporting bank.