From Les Fourberies de Scapin by Molière to Ayyar Hamza by Âli Bey,the "Ottoman Molière":"Original" through "Translation" Molière'in Les Fourberies de Scapin'inden "Osmanlilarin Molière'i" Âli Bey'in Ayyar Hamza'sina : "Çeviri" Yoluyla "Telif"


Synergies Turquie, no.15, pp.115-132, 2022 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: Synergies Turquie
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Index Islamicus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.115-132
  • Keywords: adaptation, Ayyar Hamza, compilativeinter- and intralingual retranslation, Dekbazlik, Les Fourberies de Scapin, original through translation
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study is to analyze the work Ayyar Hamza (1871) by Âli Bey-a prolific Ottoman playwright, translator, writer-with a focus on its source texts and its presentation / reception in the Turkish cultural and literary system.The motivation for the analysis is that Ayyar Hamza has two separate source texts: Molière's play Les Fourberies de Scapin (The Impostures of Scapin) (1671) and its Turkish translation by Ahmet Vefik Pasha under the title Dekbazlik (1863).It is observed that Ayyar Hamza, which is based on both the French original text and the mentioned Turkish translation, is usually regarded as an "adaptation" and presented / received as an "original" in the target system. Ayyar Hamza's relationship with Les Fourberies de Scapin and Dekbazlik brings to mind the concept of "compilative inter- and intralingual retranslation" (Alvstad, Assis Rosa, 2015) in the translation studies literature. In this regard, the study emphasizes that Ayyar Hamza can be taken as an "original" through "compilative inter- and intralingual retranslation", considering the text production traditions of the historical period in which it was presented to the target system.