Optical soliton solutions of the perturbed fourth-order nonlinear Schrödinger-Hirota equation with parabolic law nonlinearity of self-phase modulation


Physica Scripta, vol.99, no.6, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 99 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1402-4896/ad4529
  • Journal Name: Physica Scripta
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Compendex, INSPEC, zbMATH
  • Keywords: nonlinear effect, optical fibers, perturbation, wave propagation
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This article introduces an examination of optical soliton solutions for the perturbed fourth-order nonlinear Schrödinger-Hirota equation, which plays a crucial role in optics. For the first time, it utilizes a novel approach by applying the extended auxiliary equation method. This equation models the propagation of optical pulses through nonlinear media, such as optical fibers, and has been the subject of many studies. Our goal extends beyond merely acquiring a significant number of soliton solutions using the method described in this article; we also aim to investigate the impact of the coefficients of group velocity dispersion, parabolic law, and fourth-order dispersion terms on soliton propagation in the problem examined. The 2D, 3D, and contour plots of the acquired dark and bright solitons, which represent the most fundamental soliton types, are presented. Additionally, all other calculations are performed using symbolic algebraic software. The results provide us with valuable insights, confirming that the introduced model can be analyzed from a physical perspective. It is demonstrated that the proposed technique is not only important but also efficient in analyzing various nonlinear scientific problems.