METALS AND MATERIALS INTERNATIONAL, cilt.16, ss.507-515, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
The variation of thermal conductivity of solid phase versus temperature for Sn-21 wt.% Bi, Sn-25 wt.% In and Sn-35 wt.% In-26 wt.% Bi alloys were measured with a radial heat flow apparatus. From the graphs of thermal conductivity versus temperature, the thermal conductivity of the solid phases at their melting temperatures and the thermal temperature coefficients for the same alloys were obtained. The ratios of thermal conductivity of liquid phase to solid phase for the same materials were measured with a Bridgman type directional solidification apparatus. The variations of electrical conductivity of solid phases versus temperature for the same alloys were determined from the Wiedemann-Franz law by using the measured values of thermal conductivity. From the graphs of electrical conductivity versus temperature, the electrical temperature coefficients for the same alloys were also determined. According to present experimental results it can be concluded that the thermal and electrical conductivity of Sn based alloys depend on the thermal and electrical conductivity of the alloying elements. If the thermal and electrical conductivity of the alloying elements are lower than the thermal conductivity of Sn, the thermal conductivity of Sn based alloys decreases, whereas, otherwise, it increases.