JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS, cilt.43, ss.106-111, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Oxidation of aqueous solutions of a model azo dye pollutant (Cl Disperse Orange 25) was studied in a continuous flow reactor, operated at temperatures between 400 and 600 degrees C and at a fixed pressure of 25 MPa. The parameters used were the temperature, dye concentration, oxidant concentration and flow rate. The initial dye concentrations were in the range of 24.25 x 10(-3) and 121.25 x 10(-3) mol L(-1) in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD). Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) was used as a source of oxygen, and the initial oxidant concentrations were between 36.75 x 10(-3) and 183.75 x 10(-3) mol L(-1). The results demonstrated that the supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) process decreases the chemical oxygen demand up to 98.52% in very short reaction times (at a residence time of 4-12 s). Global rate expression according to wastewater and oxidant concentration was regressed from the complete set of data. The first-order global rate expression was determined with an activation energy of 27.8(+/- 1.2) kJ mol(-1) and a pre-exponential factor of 34.3(+/- 1.5) s(-1) to a 95% confidence level. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.