Effect of titanium dioxide nanotubes on the mechanical and antibacterial properties of the low-viscosity bulk-fill composite


Ozlen R. H. E. , DALKILIÇ E., KÜÇÜKYILDIRIM B. O. , AKDOĞAN EKER A. , Topcuoglu N., Kulekci G.

JOURNAL OF ADHESION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.36, no.16, pp.1727-1744, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 16
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01694243.2021.1982282
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF ADHESION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1727-1744
  • Keywords: TiO2-n, nanotube, bulk-fill composite resin, three-point bending, microhardness, surface roughness, POLYMERIZATION SHRINKAGE, DENTAL COMPOSITE, CURE, RESTORATIONS, FAILURE, REASONS, DEPTH, TEETH
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation is to determine the impact of titanium dioxide nanotubes (TiO2-n) on the mechanical and antibacterial properties of bulk-fill composite resin. TiO2-n were synthesized in laboratory conditions using the hydrothermal method. Varying amounts of TiO2-n were included in the bulk-fill composite resin. Microhardness, surface roughness, and the three-point bending test were used to determine the mechanical properties of the composite. After the flexural strength test, the fractured surfaces of the composite resin were examined with a high-resolution scanning electron microscope. The antibacterial activity of Streptococcus mutans (S.mutans) and Lactobacillus Casei (L.casei) was assessed using a direct contact test. The statistical examination was completed using IBM SPSS Statistics 22. Group differences were compared using the Kruskal Wallis and Dunn tests (p < 0.05). The addition of TiO2-n did not change the roughness of the bulk-fill composites (p > 0.05). Adding 0.5% and 1% TiO2-n increased the microhardness of the bulk-fill composite (p < 0.05). Adding TiO2-n did not change the three-point bending results of the bulk-fill composite (p > 0.05). Though adding TiO2-n did not have an antibacterial impact on S.mutans (p > 0.05), adding 0.5% TiO2-n produced an antibacterial impact on L.casei in daylight (p < 0.05). The addition of 0.5% and 1% TiO2-n increased the microhardness of the top surface of the bulk-fill composite without negatively affecting surface roughness or the composite's three-point bending properties Adding 0.5% TiO2-n to the composite resin produced an antibacterial impact on L.casei in daylight.