Nonsmall-cell lung cancer treatment: current status of drug repurposing and nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems

İnci T. G., DERMAN S., Turgut-Balik D.

Turkish Journal of Biology, vol.48, no.2, pp.112-132, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.55730/1300-0152.2688
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Biology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.112-132
  • Keywords: Drug repurposing, nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems, nonsmall-cell lung cancer, NSCLC
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Drug repurposing is the strategy of drug utilization for a treatment option other than the intended indications. This strategy has witnessed increased adoption over the past decades, especially within cancer nanomedicine. Cancer nanomedicine has been facilitated through nanoparticle-based (NP-based) delivery systems which can combat nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) via recent advances in nanotechnology and apply its benefits to existing drugs. The repurposing of drugs, coupled with NP-based drug delivery systems, presents a promising avenue for achieving effective therapeutic solutions with accelerated outcomes. This review aims to present an overview of NSCLC treatments, with a specific focus on drug repurposing. It seeks to elucidate the latest advances in clinical studies and the utilization of NP-based drug delivery systems tailored for NSCLC treatment. First, the molecular mechanisms of Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs for NSCLC, including ROS1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) like repotrectinib, approved in November 2023, are detailed. Further, in vitro studies employing a combination strategy of drug repurposing and NP-based drug delivery systems as a treatment approach against NSCLC are listed. It includes the latest study on nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems loaded with repurposed drugs.