Scientific Reports, vol.13, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
We intended to compare the doctors with a convolutional neural network (CNN) that we had trained using our own unique method for the Lateral Pillar Classification (LPC) of Legg–Calve–Perthes Disease (LCPD). Thousands of training data sets are frequently required for artificial intelligence (AI) applications in medicine. Since we did not have enough real patient radiographs to train a CNN, we devised a novel method to obtain them. We trained the CNN model with the data we created by modifying the normal hip radiographs. No real patient radiographs were ever used during the training phase. We tested the CNN model on 81 hips with LCPD. Firstly, we detected the interobserver reliability of the whole system and then the reliability of CNN alone. Second, the consensus list was used to compare the results of 11 doctors and the CNN model. Percentage agreement and interobserver analysis revealed that CNN had good reliability (ICC = 0.868). CNN has achieved a 76.54% classification performance and outperformed 9 out of 11 doctors. The CNN, which we trained with the aforementioned method, can now provide better results than doctors. In the future, as training data evolves and improves, we anticipate that AI will perform significantly better than physicians.