Modeling the photochemical transformation of nitrobenzene under conditions relevant to sunlit surface waters: Reaction pathways and formation of intermediates


Vione D., De Laurentiis E., berto S., MINERO C., Hatipoglu A. , CINAR Z.

CHEMOSPHERE, cilt.145, ss.277-283, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 145
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.11.039
  • Dergi Adı: CHEMOSPHERE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.277-283

Özet

Nitrobenzene (NB) would undergo photodegradation in sunlit surface waters, mainly by direct photolysis and triplet-sensitized oxidation, with a secondary role of the (OH)-O-center dot reaction. Its photochemical half-life time would range from a few days to a couple of months under fair-weather summertime irradiation, depending on water chemistry and depth, NB phototransformation gives phenol and the three nitro phenol isomers, in different yields depending on the considered pathway. The minor (OH)-O-center dot role in degradation would make NB unsuitable as (OH)-O-center dot probe in irradiated natural water samples, but the selectivity towards (OH)-O-center dot could be increased by monitoring the formation of phenol from NB+(OH)-O-center dot. The relevant reaction would proceed through ipso-addition of (OH)-O-center dot on the carbon atom bearing the nitro group, forming a pre-reactive complex that would evolve into a transition state (and then into a radical addition intermediate) with very low activation energy barrier. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.