Investigation of the Interaction of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells with ε-Polycaprolactone and Egg White Scaffolds

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Gazi University Journal of Science, vol.36, no.4, pp.1434-1447, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.35378/gujs.1037746
  • Journal Name: Gazi University Journal of Science
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1434-1447
  • Keywords: 3D cell culture, Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, Egg white, ε-Polycaprolactone
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The development of three-dimensional (3D) cell culture models is becoming increasingly important due to their numerous advantages over conventional monolayer culture. This study aimed to examine the interaction of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) with scaffolds composed of ε-polycaprolactone (ε-PCL) and egg white. In our study, ε-PCL and egg white scaffolds were produced from their monomers by tin octoate catalyzed and heat polymerization, respectively. Characterization of ε-PCL was carried out by Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometry (FTIR), Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (H-NMR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). AD-MSCs labeled with red fluorescent CellTracker CM-DiI were cultured on egg white and ε-PCL scaffolds for 12 days. Cell viability was determined using 3-(4.5-Dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2.5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and nitric oxide (NO) level was evaluated for toxicity. The results showed that the number of AD-MSCs in the egg white scaffold increased periodically for 12 days compared to the other groups. Although the number of AD-MSCs in the ε-PCL scaffold increased until day 6 of the culture, the number of cells started to decrease after day 6. These results were associated with the toxic effect of lactic acid release on cells resulting from the decomposition of ε-PCL scaffolds through catabolic reactions. Therefore, these results indicated that the egg white scaffold enhanced and maintained cell adhesion and cell viability more than the ε-Polycaprolactone scaffold and could be used as a scaffold in tissue engineering studies involving stem cells.