Bioinformatic investigation of Nipah virus surface protein mutations: Molecular docking with Ephrin B2 receptor, molecular dynamics simulation, and structural impact analysis

Aktaş E., Saygılı İ., Kahveci E., Tekbıyık Z., Özgentürk N. Ö.

MICROBIOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY, vol.67, no.12, pp.501-513, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/1348-0421.13098
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Food Science & Technology Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.501-513
  • Keywords: bioinformatics analysis, Nipah virus mutations, Nipah virus' proteins, vaccine development
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The SARS-CoV-2 outbreak resulted in significant challenges and loss of life. The Nipah virus, known for its high infectivity and severity, was designated an emergency concern by the World Health Organization. To understand its mutations, the Nipah virus proteins were analyzed extensively, with a focus on the essential G and F proteins responsible for viral entry into host cells. Our bioinformatics analysis unveiled multiple mutations, including simultaneous mutations within a single sequence. Notably, the G273S mutation in the F protein was identified as a potential cause of structural damage, which carries significant implications for vaccine development. Comparing the docking scores of G and F proteins with the Ephrin B2 receptor, it was found that the Y228H mutation in the G protein and the D252G mutation in the F protein likely affect virus entry into host cells. Moreover, our investigation into stability and deformability highlighted the impact of the Y228H mutation in the G protein complex. Molecular dynamics simulations revealed increased flexibility and conformational changes in the G protein complex with the Y228H mutation compared with the known complex. Furthermore, evaluating the root mean square deviation variation demonstrated greater dynamic behavior in the G protein complex and the Ephrin B2 receptor complex. This comprehensive study provides valuable insights into Nipah virus mutations, their significance for vaccine development, and the importance of understanding protein complex behavior in drug discovery. The identified mutations, especially G273S and Y228H, hold crucial implications for future research and potential interventions against the Nipah virus.