Static Analysis of Rim Using Finite Element Method

Asmaz K., Kaner B., Erbayrak E.

3rd International Conference on Advanced Engineering Technologies, Bayburt, Turkey, 19 - 21 September 2019, vol.1, no.1, pp.1473-1478

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Bayburt
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.1473-1478
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The rim is one of the most important driving components in the area where the

vehicles are connected to the axle system and rotating for the movement of the

vehicle to which the tire is mounted. For automobile wheels; rims, which improve

performance, driving comfort and driving economy positively, are also a vital part of

safety. The rims are subjected to different forces in structure. Rims are critical

elements that work statically and dynamically in vehicles. It is important to determine

the mechanical behavior of the rim. A lot of time is spent on the development of new

model rims and the cost is high. To reduce these drawbacks, Finite Element Analysis

(FEA) is often used in the design stage of product development to investigate the

mechanical performance of prototype designs. In this paper, comparative static

analysis of rims made of 3 different materials, 356.0 Mold Cast, 2024-T4, 6061-t6

aluminum alloys of similar sizes, 5, 6, 9 arms and 3 different designs were performed.

For rims, it was aimed to find the most suitable design and material based on factors

such as total deformation, Von-Mises stress and weight. SOLIDWORKS 17.0 and

ANSYS 19 R1 were used for the analysis. Radial load (air pressure) and vehicle

weight were taken into account for the analysis of the wheel rim. Regardless of the

rim's production method, the forces to which they are subjected are the same.

However, different deformations were observed according to the material and design.