3rd International Conference on Advanced Engineering Technologies, Bayburt, Turkey, 19 - 21 September 2019, vol.1, no.1, pp.1473-1478
The rim is one of the most important driving components in the area where the
vehicles are connected to the axle system and rotating for the movement of the
vehicle to which the tire is mounted. For automobile wheels; rims, which improve
performance, driving comfort and driving economy positively, are also a vital part of
safety. The rims are subjected to different forces in structure. Rims are critical
elements that work statically and dynamically in vehicles. It is important to determine
the mechanical behavior of the rim. A lot of time is spent on the development of new
model rims and the cost is high. To reduce these drawbacks, Finite Element Analysis
(FEA) is often used in the design stage of product development to investigate the
mechanical performance of prototype designs. In this paper, comparative static
analysis of rims made of 3 different materials, 356.0 Mold Cast, 2024-T4, 6061-t6
aluminum alloys of similar sizes, 5, 6, 9 arms and 3 different designs were performed.
For rims, it was aimed to find the most suitable design and material based on factors
such as total deformation, Von-Mises stress and weight. SOLIDWORKS 17.0 and
ANSYS 19 R1 were used for the analysis. Radial load (air pressure) and vehicle
weight were taken into account for the analysis of the wheel rim. Regardless of the
rim's production method, the forces to which they are subjected are the same.
However, different deformations were observed according to the material and design.