Mechanical and tribological characterization of graphene nanoplatelets/Al2O3 reinforced epoxy hybrid composites

Kaykılarlı C., YEPREM H. A., Uzunsoy D.

Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures, vol.31, no.5, pp.435-447, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/1536383x.2023.2173740
  • Journal Name: Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.435-447
  • Keywords: Hybrid composites, epoxy, aluminum oxide, graphene, mechanical behavior
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.This study aimed to determine the effects of varying Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and Graphene Nanoplatelets (GNP) concentrations on epoxy-based polymer composites’ mechanical and tribological characteristics. Al2O3 (1 to 5 wt.%) and GNP (0 to 1 wt.%) reinforced epoxy matrix composites were produced with sonication and stirring magnetic route. Mechanical, microstructural and tribological properties of composites were investigated via X-ray diffraction (XRD), Archimedes’ Method, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX), Raman spectroscopy, hardness, impact, tensile, compressive and wear tests. The highest ultimate tensile strength and compressive strength were found at 62.83 and 137 MPa for 3 wt.% reinforced Al2O3 epoxy matrix composites, and it was observed that there was a 38% and 17% increase compared to neat epoxy, respectively. The highest impact strength was found for 3 wt.% Al2O3 and 1 wt.% GNP-reinforced composites and increased by 19% compared to neat epoxy. The best hardness was found for 3 wt.% reinforced Al2O3 and 0.25 wt.% GNP-reinforced composite, and there was a 22% increase in hardness compared to neat epoxy. Also, the highest wear resistance (1.686x10−6 mm3/Nm) and lowest Coefficient of Friction (COF, 0.13755) were determined for the same specimen.