Water absorption characterization of boron compounds-reinforced PLA/flax fiber sustainable composite.

Avci A., Eker A., Bodur M. S., Candan Z.

International journal of biological macromolecules, vol.233, pp.123546, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 233
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.123546
  • Journal Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.123546
  • Keywords: Water uptake, Biocomposites, Boron compounds, Flax fiber, PLA, Sustainability
  • Yıldız Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Biocomposites are widely used in construction, packaging, and automotive applications such as seatbacks, door panels, headliners, and dashboards, as well as industrial composting. The purpose of this study is to look into the effects of three different boron compounds (borax boric, acid combines, zinc borate, and ulexite) on the mechanical and microstructural properties of flax fiber/PLA biocomposites at different water uptake times. 7 different biocomposites were studiedfor this purpose: control, 3UF, 5UF, 3ZBF, 3BxBcF, 5BxBcF, and 5ZBF. Extrusion was used to create homogenous chopped flax fiber-reinforced PLA biocomposites, which were then injection molded. Alkali treatment on flax fiber surfaces was applied to improve interfacial adhesion between fiber and matrix. Water uptake tests were performed at room temperature for soaking times of 24, 50, 168, 240, 330, 480, 550, 600, and 750 h. The addition of boron compounds increases water gain from 4.4 % to 6.1 %, according to sorption results. Boron compounds, on the other hand, slow the decrease in tensile strength and elastic modulus of the biocomposites when compared to the control composite sample. The tensile elongation at break values of the composites increased slightly after short-term water absorption. SEM images showed that alkali-treated flax fibers and boron compounds dispersed uniformly in the PLA matrix. After 750 h of immersion, the addition of boron fillers to PLA/flax composite increased Young's Modulus and flexural modulus by about 50 % and 72 %, respectively, in comparison to the control composite sample. The addition of boric acid: borax combines into the PLA/flax composite slowed the rate of decline in tensile and flexural strength after various immersion times. Finally, using MINITAB software, the experimental results were subjected to a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA).

Keywords: Biocomposites; Boron compounds; Flax fiber; PLA; Sustainability; Water uptake.

Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.